Background of UP Predator Prey Relationship Study

The study began in 2009 by Mississippi State University and the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. 

'Historically, deer abundance in the UP has been affected by the intensity of timber harvesting and winter severity. Although these factors still exert a strong influence on deer populations, the role of predation is receiving more attention by both sportspersons and deer managers. Research is needed to better understand the impact of predation on deer, while also determining how predation is influenced by winter weather and deer habitat conditions.'  from Michigan Predator Prey Relationship Study Website.

 To learn more about the U.P. Predator Relationship Study click on Michigan Predator Prey Relationship Study  Also check out and like the Camp Fire Program in Wildlife Facebook page for updates.


Study Objectives


The Study Has Several Objectives

1. Estimate survival and cause-specific mortality of white-tailed deer fawns and does.

2. Estimate proportion of fawn mortality attributable to black bear (Ursus americanus), coyote (Canis latrans), bobcat (Lynx rufus), and wolf (C. spp.).

3. Estimate number and age of fawns killed by a bear, coyote, bobcat, or wolf during summer.

4. Provide updated information on white-tailed deer pregnancy and fecundity rates.

5. Estimate annual and seasonal resource use (e.g., habitat) and home range of white-tailed deer.

6. Estimate if familiarity of an area to each predator species affects the likelihood of fawn predation.

7. Assess if estimated composite bear, coyote, bobcat, and wolf use of an area influences fawn predation rates.

8. Describe association between fawn birth site habitat characteristics and black bear, coyote, bobcat, or wolf habitat use.If customers can’t find it, it doesn’t exist. Clearly list and describe the services you offer. Also, be sure to showcase a premium service.

Phases of Study

PHASE 1 - 2009- 2012


Click here to see the results of Phase One

PHASE 2 - 2013-2015)


Click here and scroll down to check out Phase Two

PHASE 3 - 2017-2019


Coming Soon!